Best Future Ready Specialization To Take in BTech CSE in 2023


Market dynamics are changing rapidly, and we’re living in such a fragile era where being ordinary is not enough. But don’t worry; standing out from the crowd doesn’t require you to be born extraordinary but a consistent effort to get better at your skills. Right now, you would have just passed your 12th-grade boards or gotten done with your JEE examination, which tells you that you have time, energy, and enough mental capacity to work on your primary skill and get good enough at it to overpower the majority of your peers.

At this point, any mistake in choosing your career path would cost you a lot of time and effort, and you can even feel burned out after a while and may get a feeling of low motivation to enter and conquer your field.

So, in this article, we are going to talk. What are some of the best, future-ready, and AI-proof specializations to pursue with B-tech CSE, and how can you choose the best one for you? We’ll also see case studies of one of the many high achievers from IILM and how choosing the right specialization helped them make a great career. 

Importance of Specialization in B-tech:

It’s no secret that the job market is in an economic crunch and companies are laying off their employees. The reality of the job market is that the competition is huge, and if you possess an outdated skill or don’t have in-depth knowledge in any particular field, you’ll be crushed brutally. However, such conditions aren’t going to last, and circumstances are going to change soon, but we still have the AI wave to see, and god knows how many jobs it will scoop away. But one thing is for sure if you are really good at what you do, you don’t belong to the crowd, and being unique comes with the perk of irreplaceability. Now, achieving excellence in any skill requires you to have a specialization along with your ordinary degree. That’s why specialization is so important if you want to pursue your bachelor’s in computer science. 

At IILM, we have live examples of students who achieved unimaginable success with our industry-oriented curriculum and specializations.

Top 7 specializations to take in BTech CSE:

In this section, we’ll see what are the most demanded and industry-oriented specializations in B-tech CSE that are future-proof, have demand in the market, and can offer you a high package job.

1. Cyber Security:

I don’t feel the need to tell you how important this field is, both in terms of financial and security purposes. To give you an idea of the depth of my statement, all I need to quote is;

World War III will consist of cyberattacks.

The most important part is that this field is yet untouched by most of the Indian students, which means the market for cyber security is very less crowded, unlike just another software engineer in India. If you have a specialization in cybersecurity, you are already ahead of the crowd. 

Skills Require

To be a cyber security expert who is good at securing their company’s crucial data, here are a few skills that you need to possess:

  •  A deep understanding of networking, operating systems, programming languages, and software development.
  • Be up-to-date with the latest threats and vulnerabilities. They should have the ability to identify, analyze, and respond to potential security threats.
  • Must be able to analyze data, detect patterns, and identify anomalies that may indicate a security breach.
  • Cybersecurity professionals need to adhere to ethical principles, as they have access to sensitive information and play a critical role in protecting their organization’s assets.
  • The cybersecurity landscape is constantly evolving, and professionals must continuously update their skills and knowledge to stay current with the latest trends and technologies.

 Remember, being a cyber security expert comes with a huge responsibility, and you need to be personally a little composed and careful of your communications.

Job Prospect:

As I mentioned earlier, cybersecurity has a healthy demand but a poor supply. You have a large opportunity in this field where you don’t have to face a huge crowd of people. Even in such a stiff market condition, companies are willing to pay 50,000–60,000 INR on average for freshers in India.

Industry trend:

The cybersecurity sector is expanding and is anticipated to do so in the years to come. Cybersecurity has become a crucial area of emphasis for businesses and organizations due to the rise in cyber attacks, data breaches, and our increasing reliance on technology. The worldwide cybersecurity industry is anticipated to increase from $173 billion in 2020 to $270 billion in 2026, at a CAGR of 9.7%, according to research by Cybersecurity Ventures.

2. Data Science

Clicks, impressions, reach, performance, and customer retention drive this digital world. Now, to succeed in the world of such diverse data sets, it’s crucial for companies to analyze this huge pile of data and get useful insights out of it. Data analytics taps into the exact needs of data science. In today’s market, there’s a huge demand for good data analysts who can dig into data and fetch useful insights for the company’s benefit.

Skill Requirements:

  • Data analysts need to have strong analytical skills to be able to analyze and interpret large datasets. They need to be able to identify patterns, trends, and correlations in data to provide insights and recommendations.
  • Strong command of technologies such as SQL, Python, R, and data visualization tools.
  • They should be able to identify key business metrics and how they relate to data analysis.
  • They should be able to identify and analyze data-related problems and develop solutions that are data-driven and aligned with business goals.

Job Prospect:

Businesses and organizations need qualified professionals to analyze vast amounts of data, which makes data analytics a highly sought-after field. Data analysts are key players in this process, assisting businesses in better understanding their clients, streamlining processes, and gaining a competitive edge.

  • Healthcare uses data analytics to examine patient data and enhance patient outcomes. 
  • It is applied in finance to manage risk and find investment opportunities. 
  • It is applied to online shopping to give customers a more tailored experience. 
  • Additionally, it helps marketers target the appropriate audience with the appropriate message. 

This indicates that there are numerous job openings for data analysts across a variety of industries.

Companies are comfortable paying 35,000-40,000 INR for any fresher in the data analytics field.

Industry trend:

Data analytics is a fast-expanding area. The size of the worldwide data analytics market is anticipated to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 22.3% over the forecast period, from USD 49.2 billion in 2020 to USD 132.9 billion by 2025. Also, as organizations look to make wise choices in these unsettling times, the COVID-19 epidemic has pushed the use of data analytics.

3. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning:

The world is well aware of the capabilities of AI, and the imagination of sci-fi movies that we used to talk about is here. Today, you can get a 99% precise answer to all your most complex questions within a snap, and this is all possible thanks to AI and software trained on ML programs. Also in electric vehicles AI and ML programs are widly used. Many Gen Z’s today are scared that AI is gonna take their job but always remember 

AI will not take your Job the Person using AI will

So to stay ahead of the generation and keep your profession AI proof you should either be in the top 1% of your job or do the job that AI couldn’t. 

Now, making AI or working on ML programs are the kinds of stuff that only human intelligence can do ‘till now’. That’s why learning AI is so crucial in today’s competitive world.

Skill Requirements:

As Python, R, and Java are frequently used for data analysis, creating predictive models, and creating algorithms, having a solid foundation in these languages is essential for success in the field of artificial intelligence (AI). 

Moreover, as AI specialists must be able to evaluate data and create prediction models, a strong foundation in statistics and mathematics is required. Lastly, understanding machine learning is essential since it entails teaching algorithms for computers to learn from data and make judgments. Deep learning, natural language processing, and data visualization are additional crucial abilities for AI workers.

Job Prospect:

Professionals in artificial intelligence (AI) have excellent employment prospects in India. The need for AI specialists has risen by 76% in the last year alone, according to a survey by Analytics India Magazine. This is a result of the growing use of AI in various sectors, including healthcare, banking, and retail. Data scientists, AI researchers, and machine learning engineers hold the most in-demand positions in the field of artificial intelligence.

AI specialists in India may anticipate earning respectable compensation. The average income for an AI expert in India, according to Payscale, is roughly INR 800,000 per year, with entry-level jobs earning about INR 500,000 and senior-level jobs paying over INR 2,000,000.

Industry trend:

A lot of data shows how artificial intelligence (AI) is developing and becoming more significant. From 2021 to 2026, the worldwide AI market is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 42.2%, according to research by ResearchAndMarkets. According to PwC research, by 2030, AI will be worth up to $15.7 trillion to the global economy. 

During the past four years, there has been a 74% yearly rise in the number of AI-related job ads on LinkedIn, showing a rising need for AI specialists. These figures highlight the demand for people with AI knowledge and abilities in the labor market and the huge growth potential and growing relevance of AI across several industries.

4. Graphics and Gaming:

The previous ten years have seen significant advancement in gaming and visuals in the entertainment industry. Modern software and technology have enabled game developers to build remarkably lifelike virtual worlds that immerse players in alternate realities. Modern video games’ visuals and movement are so lifelike that it may be challenging to tell them apart from reality, whether you’re playing on a console or a mobile device.

The need for experts with knowledge of graphics and games has grown dramatically as technology has advanced. For people with a passion for creativity and technology, the gaming industry provides a wide range of job prospects, from game design to animation, graphics programming, and visual effects.

Skill Requirements:

A strong background in computer programming languages like C++, Java, and Python is the key qualification needed for a career in graphics and games. It’s essential to have knowledge of visual design programs like Adobe Photoshop, Blender, or 3D Studio Max in addition to programming.

Also, experts in this industry must be well-versed in computer graphics, data structures, and algorithms. It’s also crucial to be familiar with gaming engines like Unity, Unreal Engine, or CryEngine. Moreover, experts in data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence may use their skills to further improve the gaming experience.

Job Prospect:

One of the fastest-growing industries in the world is the graphics and gaming business. A Newzoo analysis projects that by 2024, the global gaming business will be worth $218.7 billion. The gaming sector now offers more job possibilities as a result of this expansion.

Professionals in the gaming and graphics industries may expect to work in a variety of positions, such as those for game designers, animators, UI/UX designers, game developers, and graphics programmers. Depending on the position and amount of expertise, the typical remuneration for a graphics and gaming specialist in India ranges from INR 400,000 to INR 2,000,000.

Industry trend:

The growing acceptance of virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) is one of the most important developments in the gaming sector.

By 2024, the VR/AR market is projected to be worth $72.8 billion, according to a MarketsandMarkets analysis. Games like Pokemon Go and Minecraft Earth leverage augmented reality (AR) to improve the gameplay experience, demonstrating the significant momentum that these technologies have already achieved in the gaming industry.

The expansion of mobile gaming is another trend in the gaming sector. According to Newzoo research, there will be 2.7 billion mobile gamers worldwide by 2023. As mobile gaming gains in popularity, game designers and developers now have more chances to make games that are optimized for mobile devices and provide a smooth gaming experience.

5.  Internet of Things (IoT):

The Internet of Things, or IoT, has completely changed how we interact with our environment. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of hardware, software, and sensors that are linked to the Internet and capable of sharing data and making decisions in real-time. We can manage our houses, automobiles, and even our health thanks to the Internet of Things (IoT).

Skill Requirements:

You’ll need a solid grasp of hardware, software, networking, and security standards in order to succeed in the IoT. It is crucial to be proficient in programming languages like Python, C++, and Java. Knowledge of data analytics and cloud computing platforms is also advantageous. With the IoT, it is also crucial to have the capacity to analyze and comprehend enormous volumes of data.

Job Prospect:

IoT experts will be in high demand as the IoT market is expected to develop dramatically in the upcoming years. The global IoT market is anticipated to develop at a CAGR of 25.68% from 2019 to 2026, reaching $1,386.06 billion, per research by Allied Market Research.

IoT is a fast-expanding sector in India, where both established businesses and numerous startups are making significant investments. IoT specialists are in high demand, with positions like IoT architect, IoT developer, and IoT consultant being among the most sought-after.

Industry trend:

Rapid IoT industry growth is having an influence on a number of industries, including healthcare, agriculture, transportation, and smart cities. With the development of 5G technology, which will offer faster and more dependable internet access, and the rise of edge computing, which will allow devices to process data locally rather than relying on the cloud, the expansion of the IoT is anticipated to continue in the upcoming years.

The worldwide edge computing market is anticipated to reach USD 43.4 billion by 2027, rising at a CAGR of 34.1% from 2020 to 2027, according to a MarketsandMarkets analysis. IoT devices will be able to process data more quickly and effectively as a result of the rise in edge computing.

6. Blockchain Technology:

Blockchain technology is a ground-breaking innovation that has the power to completely revolutionize how we trade, distribute, and keep data. It is a distributed ledger system that is decentralized and enables safe transactions without the use of middlemen.

Skill Requirements:

One has to have a solid background in computer science, cryptography, and data structures in order to succeed with blockchain technology. It is crucial to be proficient in programming languages like C++, Python, and Solidity. It’s also essential to be familiar with networking, distributed systems, and consensus techniques.

Job Prospect:

In recent years, there has been an increase in the need for blockchain experts, with positions like blockchain developer, architect, and consultant among the most sought-after. The fastest-growing career role in 2018 and 2019 was blockchain developer, according to LinkedIn research.

The blockchain market is expanding quickly in India as well, with several startups and well-established businesses making significant investments in the technology. Professionals in the blockchain business are in high demand, and their pay is among the highest in the IT sector.

Industry trend:

Several industries, including banking, supply chain management, healthcare, and voting systems, stand to benefit from the use of blockchain technology. In the upcoming years, it is anticipated that blockchain will continue to expand as new use cases and applications are created.

The size of the worldwide blockchain market is anticipated to increase from $3.0 billion in 2020 to $39.7 billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 67.3% over the course of the forecast period, according to an analysis by MarketsandMarkets. The expansion of the blockchain sector has also been aided by the advent of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) and decentralized finance (DeFi).

7. Cloud computing:

In recent years, virtualization and cloud computing have been major forces behind the digital revolution, allowing companies to operate more effectively, safely, and affordably. These technologies have made it possible for businesses to virtualize their IT infrastructure and move workloads to the cloud, enhancing their flexibility, scalability, and agility.

Skill Requirements:

It is crucial to be knowledgeable about cloud computing platforms like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP). Moreover, understanding virtualization technologies like VMware, Hyper-V, and KVM is essential. Knowledge of containerization tools like Docker and Kubernetes is also becoming more and more crucial.

Job Prospect:

Professionals in the fields of cloud computing and virtualization are in more demand than ever; among the most sought-after positions are those for cloud architects, cloud engineers, and virtualization engineers. Cloud computing positions were among the top-growing employment titles in 2019 and 2020, according to LinkedIn research.

The cloud computing market is expanding quickly in India as well, with both new and well-established businesses making significant investments in cloud technology. Professionals in the field of cloud computing are in high demand, and their pay ranks among the best in the computer sector.

Industry trend:

Businesses are now more nimble and able to respond to shifting market conditions thanks to cloud computing and virtualization technology. In the upcoming years, it is anticipated that cloud computing will continue to expand as new use cases and apps are created.

The global public cloud services market is anticipated to expand by 18.4% in 2021 to reach $304.9 billion, up from $257.5 billion in 2020, according to a Gartner analysis. The expansion of the cloud computing sector is also being fueled by the emergence of multi-cloud and hybrid cloud systems.

5 Tips to Choose the Best Specialization for You:

We are bringing you these specialization tips from the most experienced counselor of IILM. Follow them all to choose the best specialization.

  1. Identify your personal interest: Now, for some people knowing their own passion in itself is a huge task, and I’ll be “writing a dedicated blog post on that topic. But for an instance, you can take some ideas from your childhood, friend circle, and school memories and identify what were the things that made you curious or grab your attention for a longer time. Make a list of all the Ideas and refine the 3 most interesting things out of them. 
  2. Now read about all the 3 topics you’ve chosen and dig and little deeper into all of them. Identify what’s that one thing to which you can devote the most energetic years of your lifetime.
  3. Look at the topics and do your own research about future prospects.
  4. Now you must be able to find out the best option for you.
  5. If you still can’t you should be consulting a good career councilor who can guide you to the right path for your career plan.


The market trends will keep changing, but if you want to excel in your career, you have to develop a learning habit and the ability to adapt to this changing world. Most importantly, you must do your own market research and explore other fields. At this age, you have plenty of time and energy that you can devote to learning new skills and excelling in your career. I hope these specializations can give you an idea of where the market is going and what stream will hold the technology of tomorrow.

If you love reading such insightful content, do follow us.

Protiviti Campus Wheel


It is crucial for MBA/PGDM students to gain practical experience and exposure to the most recent industry trends & practices as the business world gets more complicated and competitive. To give their students the finest education and professional preparation possible, several of the top MBA/PGDM programs are partnering with industry experts

One such institution is IILM, which has teamed up with Protiviti, a well-known business consulting firm, to provide its MBA/PGDM  students with a distinctive training program called ‘Campus Wheel.” In addition to bridging the gap between academia and industry, this partnership between IILM and Protiviti gives students the tools and information they need to be successful in the corporate world.

In this blog post, we will explore the details of this collaboration and how it is benefiting our PG students at IILM.

IILM’s most celebrated collaborations:

IILM has always been proactive in keeping its students up to date with the ongoing industry trends so that when our students get their degree and enter the real world, they don’t find themselves behind the race in such a restless & competitive world.

Now it may start sounding a little frightening, but don’t worry. At IILM, we don’t drag our students, but rather prepare them all to conquer the current market conditions by training them with the right tools and making them work in the real-world environment.

To ensure our students get the right training, we have collaborated with many industry leaders in a wide range of domains. Here’s a small list of our most celebrated collaborations:





This collaboration will enable our students to gain a competitive edge by being associated with an industry leader and having various perks like, ‘IBM Badge’. ‘Internships’, ‘IBM Guide’, etc.


It’s one of the leading firms in the business consulting field, and IILM is collaborating with Protiviti to give our students an introduction to various tools and concepts used in the business consulting field.

IILM has done many, and these are just a few of them.

You can see the complete list of all the collaborations and MoUs that IILM has done with industry leaders.

Campus Wheel – Protiviti’s Training Program

The Campus Wheel program at Protiviti is a hiring approach that concentrates on recent graduates and college students. It is intended to give students the chance to interact with Protiviti personnel and learn more about the company’s culture, employment prospects, and career trajectories.

This program will be conducted in 3 phases, the first one will have the introduction to power BI, next phase will consist of a workshop on Design Thinking and wrapping up with the interaction with protiviti’s leadership team. These activities are meant to foster student skill development, professional connections with Protiviti staff, and knowledge of the company’s mission and core principles.

Protiviti is seeking brilliant and driven students that have the potential to lead the company in the future through the Campus Wheel program.

The Campus Wheel program is a win-win situation for both the company and the students. After finishing the whole program, the student ends up with industry-oriented knowledge, and the company gets a pool of well-trained/educated students whom they can directly hire and don’t have to go through the whole process of filtering, selecting, and interviewing.

Protiviti has a strong commitment to diversity and inclusion, and the Campus Wheel program is designed to attract and recruit a diverse group of candidates. The firm has received recognition and awards for its commitment to diversity and inclusion, including being named one of the “Best Workplaces for Diversity” by Fortune magazine in 2021.

The IILM & Protiviti Collaboration:

IILM and Protiviti have been sharing a bond of collaboration and mutual support for a long time, and this particular collaboration aims to bridge the gap between classroom teaching & industry and provide students with real-world exposure and experience.

We have countless success stories of our students where such collaborations proved to be a helping hand for them. One of the main outcomes of this collaboration is the Campus Wheel program, which is designed to provide training to MBA and PGDM students on various industry-specific tools and technologies. The program includes training on topics like Power BI, Design Thinking, and other relevant software and programs. Through this program, students are exposed to real-world industry scenarios and are better equipped to handle interviews and job placements. This gives them an advantage over other students who do not have exposure to these tools and technologies.

This and various other collaborations between IILM and Protiviti have been highly successful and provided students with the necessary skills and exposure to succeed in the industry. It is an excellent example of how collaboration between academia and industry can benefit both students and organizations.

Improved Interview Chances:

As the whole “Campus Wheel” program engrains our students with all the industry-oriented skills and every required aspect, it fills our students’ hearts with confidence to overpower the competition and stay ahead of their peers. Also, during the interview, when a student comes prepared with the knowledge and experience of all the required software and programs, they automatically become the “apple of the eye” for the interviewer.

Even employers are most likely to hire candidates who have the necessary skills to work with industry-specific software and programs, as such candidates don’t need much training and an induction period to start being a profitable asset for the company. Students who have undergone the Campus Wheel program are better equipped to handle real-world scenarios and are more likely to perform well during interviews.

This is how IILM is making its students stand out from the crowd.


For students to receive real-world knowledge and experience, academic and industrial collaborations are essential, and the partnership between IILM and Protiviti is a great example of this. The course gives students the chance to pick the brains of professionals in the field and put what they learn to use in practical situations.

All in all, the Campus Wheel programme offers MBA/PGDM students a great chance to learn about the most recent technology and raise their chances of getting their dream job. The partnership between IILM and Protiviti made possible by this programme is evidence of the college’s dedication to giving its students the greatest instruction and real-world experience.

If you love reading such content, Follow us on

Importance of Group Discussions

Group Discussion

Group discussion (GD), by virtue of the term, means exchange of views by participants on a given subject. The whole idea is to bring together a set of people on a common platform to share their ideas, thereby giving an opportunity to exhibit not only their knowledge, but also to understand and enhance their learning by absorbing the thoughts of other people.

Advantages of Group Discussions

Better understanding of the subject : GD offers a great opportunity to the discussants to take a deep dive into the subject, and understand it profoundly. It expands the horizon of knowledge and learning. In addition, it extends a chance to the participants to improve their abilities to think critically and develop their analytical skills.

Solve problems : Since GD brings together a group of people holding diverse opinions, it also perceived as one of the sought after ways to arrive at solutions to problems. Because of the fact that people bring in a wide range of insights, GDs help in changing the thought process from a narrow to a wider view, thereby paving the way to solutions.

 Improve listening skills and confidence : Since GDs necessitate the contribution of ideas and thoughts, the participants are required to be listen keenly to others’ observations. In this sense, group discussions are a fantastic way to enhance listening skills, and also boost the confidence of speakers by engaging them and encouraging them to express their thoughts.

See A comprehensive Guide for GD Preparation:

Enhance communication and interpersonal skills : While one aspect of GDs is that it encourages people to share their knowledge, the other important aspect is that it gives an opportunity to people to build their communication skills. The participants, in the process, learn how to express their ideas while also respecting viewpoints of others. This in turn contributes to the development of interpersonal skills among the peer group.

Team building exercise : GDs help in developing teamwork and leadership attributed in people, which are extremely important in the current context. Working in a group helps them increase tolerance and respect towards others, and also how to unanimously arrive at conclusions.

After learning various benefits which people may derive from participation in group discussions, it is important to highlight that this activity holds a special importance in academic and professional set ups. On one hand, GDs reflect the values of coexistence, motivation, tolerance and acceptance for others, on the other hand, they are a key tool for recruiters. During the selection process, they help the hiring team to identify if the job applicants possess the values which mirror the principles and the vision of the organisations. The organisations today not only stress on the knowledge pool of the candidates, but also give lot of importance to enthusiasm and adaptability in the workforce. This helps us explain why academic institutions, and especially management schools emphasise GDs.

How to Prepare for Group Discussion in (2023). Tips to Win G.D.


A standard part of the selection process for numerous educational institutions and job interviews is the group discussion (GD) round. The Group Discussion instructor evaluates a candidate’s personality, problem-solving capabilities, teamwork, and communication abilities.

Any topic can be provided to a group of candidates to discuss during a GD round for a predetermined time, typically between 10-15 minutes. The group is then assessed on a range of criteria, including its content, communication abilities, leadership traits, capacity for listening, and teamwork.

Acing the GD round is the stepping stone for you to achieve a good score during any selection or interview process and in this article, we are going to guide you step-by-step on how you can convert your group discussion weaknesses into your strength and pull off the best GD round of your lifetime.

Attributes that are assessed during the G.D. round:

If you are asked to imagine the best-performing candidate in the GD who will absolutely nail the round, what qualities do you think he will have? You would probably have answered, he will be the one with a loud and clear voice, sufficient knowledge about the topic, and a good level of confidence. 

Well, those qualities are a must but not sufficient because an instructor typically looks for applicants who have a mixture of excellent communication abilities, teamwork and collaboration skills, leadership traits, analytical skills, problem-solving abilities, interpersonal skills, and time management skills during a Group Discussion (GD).

In a GD round, you should be able to recognize the problems, provide solutions, analyze and understand the data and weigh the advantages and disadvantages of various possibilities. Furthermore, instructors seek applicants who can effectively engage with others, form relationships, and manage their time during the GD round.

Also Read:

Candidates with these capabilities are ‘apple of eye’ for instructors:

  1. Communication skills: In a GD round, it’s essential to be able to express ideas clearly and concisely. Applicants are judged on their language ability overall as well as their fluency, vocabulary, and grammar.
  2. Team work: An additional crucial component of a GD round is the ability to work in a team and interact with others. Applicants are judged on their capacity to accept others’ perspectives, listen to others, and participate constructively in discussions.
  3. Leadership attributes: Applicants are judged on their leadership abilities, including their capacity to start and steer the conversation, motivate others, and bring the group to an agreement.
  4. Analytical abilities: During a GD round, candidates are also tested on their capacity to evaluate and comprehend information. Candidates are judged on their capacity to recognize important topics, formulate reasoned arguments, and bolster their viewpoints with pertinent data and examples.
  5. Ability to solve problems: Applicants are judged on their capacity to recognize issues, offer solutions, and weigh the advantages and disadvantages of various possibilities.
  6. Interpersonal skills: During a GD round, the capacity to establish bonds with people and communicate clearly with them is also evaluated. Applicants are judged on their capacity to communicate with others, comprehend their viewpoints, and establish rapport.
  7. Time management: During the GD round, candidates are judged on their capacity to properly manage their time, including their capacity to make timely and effective contributions.

How to prepare for Group Discussion:

If you are feeling nervous (or) anxious, please don’t be as it’s not worth it. G.D. could be your best and easiest scorer in any interview or selection process. You just have to follow some standard step-by-step process and you are good to go. Here’s a simple guide on how to prepare for Group Discussion:

  1. Practice Speaking: The standard language uses G.D. round is English and in case you are not comfortable speaking in the language don’t worry, it’s easy. If you are able to read this blog post comfortably, you can communicate very effectively in English too. Just do the following:
    1. Start thinking in English.
    2. Pen down your goals (or) subject concepts, (or) random story/thoughts on a paper or laptop screen in English
    3. If possible try talking to someone in English
      Just follow these steps consistently and you’ll notice a drastic change in your spoken English. (This is how I personally learned English.)
  2. Read about trending Topics: Usually, in GD you are given a trending topic (it may not be true always) to discuss. If you already have some idea about the topic you can gather more points to speak about in the GD. So just spend 15 minutes a day staying aware of what’s all happening in the world.
  3. Practice Listening: Being a good listener is one of the most important qualities to perform well in GD. So practice active listening and try focusing all your attention on the one you are talking to. This will also help you build good relationships with your loved ones.
  4. Practice Thinking with different perspectives: In GD it’s the most important part where you consider other people’s opinions & perspectives to build healthy and open-ended communication. So, judging people from their own perspective can help you a lot.
  5. Stay Calm: The final tip would be to never lose your cool. GDs can be stressful and can make you lose your temper, but those angry emotions in you are just worthless energy consumers that distract you from the primary topic of your GD.

Also Read:

How to Start a GD:

If you are an introverted kind of person then starting a GD will not be less than a nightmare for you. But do you know in most cases, the one who starts the GD has more probability to win the GD.

So starting a GD could be difficult but it’s worth trying, Here are a few easy steps that can help you start the GD:

  • Start with introducing the topic, just give some outline and brief about the topic.
  • Add a relatable story: It can make others more comfortable contributing, also this technique can help make your points more valid in the conversation.
  • Keep things open-ended: Never subtly stay on your points, but keep it open-ended so that others can also add their thoughts and make it a healthy conversation.
  • Start with some stats so that you can make a solid impact on your first conversation. It can guarantee your success to a very high extent. 

Cracking the beginning could be difficult but believe me it’s worth trying.

How to destroy your nervousness in GD

It’ll fetch you a lot of negative light if you are silent and never seen speaking/contributing to the group discussion. But sometimes it just goes out of your control and you feel helpless as neither you get the chance to contribute nor do you have anything solid in your head to contribute to the conversation and you go silent.

How to not go silent in a GD:

You need to tackle this feeling. Basically, it depends on the situation but there are some generic steps you can take to counter this feeling and win against your emotions. 

First,  you need to know that you are not the only person feeling this way, every human being faces this problem and so do you. Now after accepting yourself, take a deep breath and for a split second stop listening to any other voices and recall all the points you prepared before entering the GD room. Now come back to all your senses and try plugging in your own points in the conversation.

Now when you start talking you’ll automatically feel rushed and you’ll be filled with confidence to present yourself. This way you can come empty-handed from any Group Discussion.

How to End Group Discussion:

A group discussion’s conclusion might be just as crucial as its beginning. Here are some pointers for efficiently concluding a group discussion:

Enumerate the main points: and summarize the main ideas that were covered during the session. This can aid in reinforcing the points made and giving a firm knowledge of the main lessons.

Ask for closing remarks: Before concluding the discussion, ask participants if they have any last-minute ideas or opinions they’d want to contribute. By doing this, it may be possible to guarantee that everyone has had a chance to contribute.

Explain any action items that were mentioned throughout the meeting, especially if it was on a specific issue or issue or problem. By doing this, you can make sure that everyone understands what needs to be done next.

Thank you to everybody who came: We appreciate everyone’s participation and contributions. Show your thanks for their time and work by acknowledging their ideas and suggestions.

Follow-up: After the session, it could be required to contact participants depending on the nature of the conversation. This can support ensuring that everyone is on the same page and that action items are done.

It’s important to keep in mind that the purpose of a group conversation is to produce ideas, share expertise, and identify problems. You can contribute to the development of a constructive and fruitful atmosphere for subsequent talks by summarizing important points, making action items clear, and expressing gratitude to participants.

How to Dress in a Group Discussion:

Make a strong first impression and dress professionally when participating in a group discussion (GD). Here are some broad suggestions about GD attire:

Dress formally: When attending a GD, formal attire is recommended. This may entail a suit, dress trousers, and a formal shirt for the male gender. For ladies, this may entail donning a formal top with a skirt or trousers suit.

Choose neutral hues: It is better to use neutral hues like white, black, grey, or navy blue. Keep bright or flamboyant colors to a minimum.

Keep things simple: Don’t over accessorize, and wear straightforward clothing. Keep your jewelry to a minimum, and opt for plain, formal shoes and a bag.

Pay attention to hygiene: It’s crucial to consider hygiene. Make sure your clothing is spotless, ironed, and well-fitting.

Dress appropriately for the situation, taking into account the type of GD and the organization or company you are interviewing with. To determine what is appropriate, learn about the company’s culture and dress code.

Keep in mind that establishing a strong first impression involves more than just how you dress. Your potential to succeed in a GD is also significantly influenced by your leadership traits, cooperation and collaboration abilities, communication skills, and capacity for logical argumentation.


Learning group discussions can be helpful to you in various aspects of life, it improves your confidence, way of thinking, communication skills, people-convincing skills, etc. The above tips have proven successful for many of our students in cracking interviews and making them a confident person overall. We post such insightful content regularly and follow IILM to stay ahead of your time in such a fast paced world.

Recently Published:

International Exposure at IILM | Study Abroad Program 2023

IILM has been sending their students for the semester exchange program for over a decade now and with a bundle of experiences we can proudly say that IILM is the cause of illuminating the fire of knowledge and curiosity along with making it spread all over the world with our semester exchange program. We are celebrating sending over thousands of our students abroad and giving them all international exposure, making them face new challenges, and enlightening them with a great source of knowledge.

IILM Study Abroad Program 2023: 

We had an event on 29 March where we got to serve 3 globally reputed Universities from different parts of the globe. This year we had Birmingham University from England, York University from Canada, and UC Riverside from California. The presentations given by each university representative were incredibly informative and insightful, as they discussed not only the courses they offer but also the various ways in which students can benefit from them. It’s inspiring to see universities from different parts of the globe come together to help students brighten their career prospects. 

Furthermore, the one-to-one sessions of students with university counselors were extremely valuable for IILM students, as they were able to gain a deeper understanding of their career options and future opportunities. The chance to speak directly with experts in their chosen fields gave them an incredibly enriching experience for everyone involved.

As always the international event 2023 at IILM was a resounding success and a testament to the power of global cooperation and collaboration. We find ourselves grateful for being able to send our students abroad and provide them with great opportunities to expand their mental capabilities.

Also Read:

What is the Purpose of the Study Abroad program:

College life is a part of your life where you have everything to explore-in. At this age, you have enormous energy, some amount of money, very less responsibilities, the ability to take your own decision, and absolute independence & abundance to experience your life. Now you can either choose to spend this time laying on your couch and binge-watching shows or explore the world full of new opportunities. This program is for those who want to explore their life, meet new people, experience a new culture, and want to learn new skills. 

If you finished your degree sitting in a classroom, you’ve chosen the wrong college

The primary purpose of the Study Abroad program is to make students comfortable adapting to the new environment, expand their knowledge, make new friends/network/connections, and most importantly self learn new skills.

How does the Study Abroad program help students:

The right college will enhance the soft skills of the student along with their academic knowledge. In earlier times students could avoid having any social skills/soft skills and having excel in just one skill would work completely fine for them, but in today’s competitive world one has to be good at many skills to outperform others and lead the way of life. 

The Study Abroad Program helps students gain powerful soft skills by breaking their cocoon of comfort by sending them into a completely different country, culture, atmosphere, and environment, and constraining them to make new connections & expand their networks.

After going through this exchange program, students become comfortable with speaking different languages, communicating confidently, managing their life independently, and giving them a sense of being grown up.

Simplicity can be Detailed

Do you think we need to fill the space with lots of furniture or accessories to make an area or a room elegant and beautiful? The answer is NO!

If you’re not familiar with the notion of “Less is More,” let me explain what it means for you in a nutshell. For adding details to the design, it’s important to have meaningful design patterns, an open schematic, lots of natural light, and furniture with clean, well-made lines in a minimalist-style environment. Clean lines, reductive, uncluttered, monochromatic, simplicity called it “less is more”. In the design industry this concept is known as Minimalism. The minimalist style originally developed in painting and sculpture; it stressed the use of basic techniques to communicate a sophisticated creative language.

The essential tenet of minimalist interior design is absolute simplicity. Follow the maxims “less is more” and “everything must have a place and a purpose” while designing your space. It’s impossible to deny the serenity and simple beauty when confronted with a resolved minimalist interior, but achieving this look is more deliberate and difficult, than just choosing a few pieces of furniture for a white backdrop, which can leave a space feeling cold, sparse and unlived-in.

So, adding a few design components is all required to make your area appealing, and this is the only way, it may become exquisite. If I talk about this beautiful and simple style, then Minimalism is a style that proposes a process of reduction in which all design components are reduced to their bare minimum in terms of size, shape, and form. Minimalism is an emerging global trend with implications for the future of workplace decor. As this is a relatively recent trend, just a few studies have examined the effect of minimalist office design on creativity. As a value consistent with the prevailing trend in the social environment, minimalism in daily life has been extensively embraced. When minimalist principles are applied to interior design, a highly distinctive contemporary style emerges minimalist style.


Minimalist Mood Board        Bedroom design With Simplicity

Beauty may be found in the simplest things, as seen in the above photo. There is no need to spend a lot of time and money on the design of the area. There are just a few significant resources that can accomplish miracles and create your desired space. When it comes to choosing a bedroom, I look for one that makes me feel safe and secure. Simple upholstered headboards, especially those made of naturally textured fabric, are one of my favourite design elements since they offer a sense of cosiness and comfort to the bedroom. Bedside tables are an essential part of every bedroom. Natural stone, wood, or a metal base with a stone top are all options that I adore.

Showcase your ideas with a mood board. Simply gather and combine photographs that inspire you to create a minimalist mood board. You may use the board’s style to guide your design decisions and create a uniform look across your home.


The formation of a valid consent for sexual intercourse has varying qualifiers depending upon the facts and circumstances in question. But is it possible for a lack of consent to qualify as a legally valid consent?

The second exception to section 375 of the Indian Penal Code gives an affirmative response to the above question. The marital rape exception states that “sexual intercourse by a man with his wife … is not rape.” The exception to marital rape under existing rape laws are based upon the doctrine of coverture which an idea from Anglo-American law, wherein the husband and wife were considered a single entity which was legally represented by the husband. Currently India is amongst those 34 countries where marital rape remains decriminalized.

The status quo was challenged in the Delhi High Court where the petitioners relied upon  Article 14, 15(1), 19(1)(a), and 21 of the Constitution to argue against the constitutional validity of exception 2 of section 375 which deals with the offence of rape. The two-judge bench delivered a split judgment: Justice Shakder struck down the exception as unconstitutional on all of the above grounds, while Justice Hari Shankar upheld its constitutionality.

The split in the opinion shows the two contrast existing mindset around the idea of gender roles and patriarchal authority. While one stream of thought believes that marriage somehow dilutes the individual characteristic of a person and subsumes it into a conjugal organism, the other believes that marriage is the coming together of two equals with their rights remaining unchanged in the context of individual autonomy. Justice Hari Shankar believes that marriage requires a lower quality of consent for sexual intercourse; while he further believes sexual intercourse to be a legitimate expectation during wedlock. Justice Shakder contradicted with these opinions while maintaining the idea of bodily autonomy and equality before law.

In the contemporary times, the Indian constitutional law does not and cannot support the dilution of sexual consent based on marital status. The observation is not merely individual and the same has been emphatically pronounced by the judiciary in the recent times.  The  idea has been discussed in the Puttaswamy judgment, where Chandrachud J’s plurality opinion is unambiguous on the question of law, while many the other judgments make it clear that the decisional autonomy is a fundamental facet of the right to privacy, and is not lost or in any other way compromised through social institutions such as marriage. Decisional autonomy within the marriage was also the fundamental basis upon which adultery was decriminalized in the Joseph Shine judgment; and sexual autonomy was at the core of the Navtej Johar judgment. It is too regressive now to contradict this fundamental precept.

I believe that any opinion that supports the marital rape exception has no place in a jurisprudence that is formally committed to the basic idea of individual autonomy, dignity, privacy, and equal concern and respect. This includes the baffling idea that a married woman who is raped will feel “less outraged” than an unmarried woman who is raped. Examples can be multiplied; and when this judgment goes on appeal, the least that can be done is a formal expunging of these observations from the record for the sake of sustaining the basic dignity of a judicial institution.


The term law is a species of various things in different societies. Many authors, jurists, academicians, etc., have given different definitions to exemplify and explain the meaning of the law. It is erstwhile law that has been equated to the concept of Dharma under the Hindu system. Dharma means duty in different contexts according to Hindu jurisprudence. It derives from the Vedas and is inclined to moral values and a way of life.

In Roman law, the term law is ‘Jus’; in the Islamic system, it is ‘Hukum’; in German, it is ‘Richt’ and in French, it is ‘Droit’. The idea and meaning of these terms are not identical or the same, although similarities can’t be denied.

Law is considered a set of rules applicable to all actions without discrimination. It is a body of rules and regulations based on general principles like fair play, convenience and justice enforced by the State to regulate human activities to foster an organised society. In the widest sense, it involves uniformity of behaviour and actions for civilised society.

Even though there is no general definition of law, however, there are a few definitions given by notable jurists and law dictionaries. They are- As per Austin, positive law has three main features: Command, Sovereign and Sanction. He states- “Law is the command of Sovereign.” Rules laid down by political superiors to political inferiors. In other words, body of command by a sovereign member or members of an independent society wherein the author of law is supreme.

Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher, said- It (perfect law) is inherent in the nature of man/woman and can be discovered through reason. It is immutable, universal and capable of growth.

A.V. Dicey gives a precise and compact definition- “Law is the reflection of Public opinion.”

According to Webster’s New World Law Dictionary, law is- “The complete body of statutes, rules, enforced customs and norms, and court decisions governing the relations of individuals and corporate entities to one another and to the state. The subset of such statutes and other rules and materials dealing with a particular subject matter. The system by which such statutes and rules are administered.”

Since the law is an elementary part of a civilised society and plays a quintessential role in the daily life of a particular society, many jurists, academicians and legal luminaries have attempted to define and exemplify the term law. This makes it necessary to understand what is the law and its various aspects.


References: I. II. Webster’s New World Law Dictionary, Published by Wiley, Hoboken, NJ (2006). III.


The Latin term “Ignorantia Juris Non Excusat” means that ignorance of the law is no excuse for not following the law. This Latin maxim states that a lack of facts can be excused, but ignorance of the law cannot. Each individual must be familiar with the laws of the country where he resides, and ignorance cannot be used as an excuse. Even if the individual is physically in another country, the laws of that country must be obeyed when the individual is there.

Recent research from Statista Research Department reported 7,287 low-wage violations by United States employers during the fiscal year of 2021 because they failed to pay the minimum wage. An effective HR department can anticipate such concerns in advance and address them, saving the company a lot of time and resources. Instead of just hiring, training, and retaining employees the role of Human Resource Manager can greatly vary with different scope and extent in the organizations, however, the law has always had an important role in the management of risk in an organization and it is an essential component of every HR manager’s role to ensure compliance with the law.

As HR professionals can be affected by the law in almost every aspect of their work, they must become proficient in it to handle situations that may result in serious legal ramifications. In many cases, HR managers perform their duties without having much knowledge about the legal principles that govern the duties and this can pose quite a risk to the organization. A human resources manager’s primary responsibility is advocating, implementing, and enforcing various organizational policies. Legal awareness and human resource management can produce an incredibly inclusive work environment that could dramatically enhance a company’s productivity.

The HR department drafts policies that have an impact on the entire organization, and companies are duty-bound to adhere to the legal compliance that protects both employees and employers. Hence, the company’s strategy and objectives should be aligned with the employment laws. It is essential that businesses must comply with a variety of laws as noncompliance can also lead to stiffness and penalties. A legal-minded human resources department can help reduce the chances of lawsuits, financial losses, and reputational damage, and add credibility to decisions made by the department.

Why Embracing Uncertainty is Critical to your Success: Try to Push Open the Envelope … bit by bit

Undoubtedly, we all live in uncertain times. Pandemic and its varied challenges made it amply clear that uncertainty is a constant companion of our life world. The newspaper headlines tell us about economic instability, climate change, political strife and its implications. Uncertainty has been and will continue to be a part of our life. We yearn for the good old times of pre-Covid. Ah! To be free to meet our friends, be out in the open gardens, hold our loved ones closely to us, and enjoy our freedom. In other words, the choice/s we have to manage and control our environment. Familiarity with our daily routine is essential for our health and well-being.

The previously set ways of thinking and behaving are known to us; hence, we find comfort in them. The continuity between the past and the future brings stability to our lives, but at the same time, as some might say, it sets a monotonous tone. On the other hand, while changes are scary in nature, they make us think differently, challenge our actions, and bring newness and adventure. In short, change and some amount of uncertainty makes us feel alive and kicking.

Hence, how do we plan and map our path through uncharted waters? For example, transitioning from school to college or, in other words, from being an adolescent to becoming a young adult may make you feel excited yet frightened and scared. The heady mixture of wanting to go forward towards the uncertainty that possibly invites and repels you too! So do you leave the confines of your comfort and the familiar? Or retreat into your shell and close your eyes and ear to the cacophony of noise hammering in your mind!

I, too, have been in such situations where I have had to submit to the guarantees of what I had and become accustomed to. I left home at the age of 5 to join a hostel in the hills and learned to not give in to tears when I left home for boarding. Who I am today is possibly because I had to give up the security of a mother’s lap, taking up the new opportunities that came my way. Each step required strength and resolve. Yes, I did waver often, felt tired, alone and lost. Yet, life taught me to accept the uncertainties that come up in life and attempt to turn some of them into personal growth, confidence and a transformation.

We can succeed in our work, relationships, career, and in life when we push the envelope bit by bit to open up new horizons. When we willingly attempt to hug the unknown and try to be open to the new experiences that come our way. Risk-taking, within limits, means pushing yourself to achieve new heights. From this perspective, the uncertainties are a vital part of exploring ourselves and the social environment in which we are embedded.

Rather than resisting the uncertainties, let us draw upon the following inputs to sustain ourselves.

Uncertainty is a part of our life. We cannot control everything. At times we have to just let go. Let us ease ourselves into slowly and gradually accepting that uncertainty is and will be a part of our life. If we panic all is likely to be lost. Let us take a deep breath. Accept that we will lose some battles and win others. Life need not be perfect.

Try to accept the overwhelming emotions of anger, frustration, disgust, fear, anxiety, grief, and loss. Each emotion, negative or positive, plays a vital role. Our feelings convey a message that all is not well! If emotions are acknowledged and felt, they will motivate us to take the necessary steps to accept the situation and the accompanying thoughts and feelings. Please take the message from your emotion and not shoot the messenger!

Take a reality check. Does the issue or situation call for alarm? Are you possibly overreacting? Or can you take a step back and objectively try to reassess the issue/situation? Perhaps something can be done and salvaged? If we let our feelings overtake us, then our thinking too gets disturbed. Fear and anxiety impact the way we think. Recall when you have been angry and you have been unable to express your thoughts. You are so angry that you may stammer or even say things you later regret.

Focus on what you can accomplish and succeed. Instead of overthinking about issues that you cannot manage or attain, recognise your limitations, particularly during times of stress and strain. Attempt new challenges, or push the envelope when you have identified and understood your strengths and limitations. Self-awareness is the key to success. Hence, tread softly and take firm steps towards self-knowledge.

Finally, uncertainty can bring disappointment. Students across the globe could not attend university and missed out on the experience of friends, excitement, and learning. Of having to stay at home, the inability to go abroad for further studies, your plans for the future were at a standstill. At such times give yourself the space to contemplate as to what this means to you. Talk to people you trust and who will help you unravel fear, anxiety and angst. The more you share and discuss your thoughts and feelings will untangle to provide a deeper understanding of your issue/situation.

Throughout our lives, we must reflect upon whether we are letting the fear of uncertainty grip us. Do not be afraid to fall, for we often judge ourselves for falling down, or are we allowing ourselves the bandwidth to grow and move forward ourselves a failure. Remember falling down and not getting up is more likely to be a failure. If you fall, get up, dust yourself and stand up, albeit a little shakily. This act will lead us toward the path of accomplishment and success.