B.Tech in Mechatronics Engineering, Salary, Scope, Fee – 2023

Why B-Tech in Mechatronics:

B.Tech in Mechatronics is a specialized engineering field that integrates principles of mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering, as well as control systems and robotics. It focuses on the design, development, and operation of intelligent and automated systems that involve mechanical components, electronics, and software. This course equips students with the skills to design, analyze, and maintain advanced machinery and automated systems, blending the best of multiple engineering disciplines.
In today’s technologically advanced world, the demand for smart and efficient machines is on the rise. B.Tech in Mechatronics prepares students to be at the forefront of this field, enabling them to create innovative solutions that revolutionize industries such as manufacturing, robotics, automotive, aerospace, and healthcare.

Application of Mechatronics in Industry:

Mechatronics finds applications in various industries where the integration of mechanical and electronic systems is essential. For instance, in the automotive industry, mechatronics engineers play a crucial role in the design and development of intelligent systems for vehicles, such as anti-lock braking systems (ABS), engine control units (ECUs), and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). In the manufacturing sector, mechatronics is instrumental in the automation of production processes, robotics, and quality control systems. Additionally, mechatronics has applications in healthcare, where it contributes to the development of medical devices, prosthetics, and surgical robots.

Skills & Competencies of Mechatronics:

B.Tech in Mechatronics equips students with a diverse set of skills that are highly valued in the industry. Here are a few key skills you’ll learn in this course and how they can contribute to an organization’s growth:
  • Mechanical Engineering: You’ll gain a strong foundation in mechanical engineering principles, allowing you to design and analyze mechanical systems and components.
  • Electrical Engineering: You’ll learn about electrical circuits, power systems, and electronics, enabling you to work on the electrical aspects of mechatronic systems.
  • Control Systems: This field focuses on designing and implementing control algorithms to ensure the optimal performance and operation of mechatronic systems.
  • Robotics: You’ll acquire knowledge in robotics, including robot kinematics, dynamics, and programming, enabling you to develop intelligent and autonomous robotic systems.
  • Programming: Mechatronics involves software development for controlling and operating automated systems. You’ll learn programming languages such as C++, Python, and MATLAB to code and interface with hardware.

Scope of B.Tech in Mechatronics Engineering:

B.Tech in Mechatronics offers excellent career prospects in a wide range of industries. With advancements in automation, robotics, and artificial intelligence, the demand for mechatronics engineers is rapidly growing. Mechatronics professionals play a crucial role in developing advanced machinery and automated systems that improve efficiency, accuracy, and productivity.

Mechatronics engineers can work in diverse fields, including manufacturing, automotive, aerospace, robotics, healthcare, and consumer electronics. They can take up roles such as mechatronics engineer, robotics engineer, automation specialist, control systems engineer, and product development engineer.

Mechatronics Engineering Salary:




2021 16 LPA 8 LPA
2022 18 LPA 8 LPA

Elegibiity for Mechatronics Engineering

Passed 10+2 examination with Physics, Mathematics as compulsory subject and one subject from Chemistry/Computer Science/ Electronics/ Information Technology/ Biology/ Informatics Practices/ Biotechnology/ Technical Vocational subject/ Engineering Graphics/ Business Studies/ Entrepreneurship, as per latest norms of AICTE/AKTU. Obtained at least 50% marks (45% for SC/ST) in the above subjects taken together. OR Passed 3 years Diploma examination with at least 50% marks (45% for SC/ST) subject to vacancies in the First Year

Career Opportunities after Doing B.Tech in Mechatronics:

B.Tech. graduates in Mechatronics engineering can pursue various career paths based on their interests and specializations. Here are some job profiles that are open to them:
  • Mechatronics Engineer: Design and develop intelligent systems, integrating mechanical, electrical, and software components.
  • Robotics Engineer: Develop robotic systems for automation, industrial applications, healthcare, and research.
  • Automation Specialist: Design and implement automated systems for manufacturing processes, improving efficiency and productivity.
  • Control Systems Engineer: Develop control algorithms and systems to regulate and optimize the performance of mechatronic systems.
  • Product Development Engineer: Contribute to the design and development of new products, incorporating mechatronic principles for enhanced functionality.
  • Automotive Engineer: Work on the design and development of advanced automotive systems, such as ADAS, electric vehicles, and autonomous vehicles.
  • Research and Development Engineer: Engage in research and innovation to advance the field of mechatronics and contribute to technological advancements.
The field of biotechnology engineering offers diverse opportunities for growth and innovation, making it an exciting and promising career choice for aspiring engineers.

Fee and Scholarship:

Btech Mechatronics Fee: IILM is known to have a competitive and justified fee structure, along with various scholarship programs to support the students who deserve it. Here’s the complete breakdown of the fee structure for Mechatronics Engineering.



Year 1 1.75 Lakh 7 Lakh
Year 2 1.75 Lakh
Year 3 1.75 Lakh
Year 4 1.75 Lakh


MBA students can get 10-40% of fee concession at IILM University here’s the detail about the scholarships:



100% 95%+ in 10+2
50% 90%-94.99% in 10+2
30% 86%-89.99% in 10+2
20% 76%-85.99% in 10+2
10% 75%-75.99% in 10+2

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MBA in Finance Career, Salary, Job, Eligibility, Fees – 2023

Why MBA in Finance?

An MBA in Finance combines business management principles with financial management and analysis, equipping students with the skills to effectively manage financial resources, track financial performance, and make informed, data-driven financial decisions. It serves as a guide for students, helping them understand how to navigate financial stability, growth, and risk management in organizations.

As the business environment becomes increasingly complex, the need for financial expertise in an organization is more crucial than ever. An MBA in finance equips the student to professionally interpret valuable insights on a company’s financial health, investments, and capital markets and strategize to increase the profitability of the company. Using these insights, companies can streamline their financial operations, optimize their financial resources, and make strategic decisions to drive growth and success. 

For the past +30 years, IILM has been training students to become proficient financial managers.

Also Read:

Application of MBA Finance in Industry:

Financial companies require professionals who can effectively manage their financial resources, analyze market trends, and make strategic financial decisions. Ever heard of Reliance Industries Limited, led by Mukesh Ambani, one of India’s most influential business magnates? The tremendous success of Reliance Industries can be attributed to shrewd financial management and investment strategies. 

They have proficiently managed their diverse portfolio of companies across sectors such as telecommunications, petrochemicals, textiles, and retail, ensuring financial stability and consistently strong performance. This is just one instance showcasing how proficient “financial management” can propel a company’s growth and confer a competitive advantage in the market.

Skill & Competencies of MBA Finance:

Here are a few key skills you’ll learn in this course and how these skills can help bolster an organization’s growth.

  • Financial Analysis: This involves the study of a business’s financial statements to assess its financial health and make informed investment decisions.
  • Investment Strategy: You’ll learn how to create a balanced investment portfolio that maximizes returns and minimizes risk.
  • Risk Management: This course will teach you how to identify, assess, and mitigate financial risks.
  • Corporate Finance: Understanding the principles of corporate finance is crucial to making strategic decisions about investments, capital structure, and dividend policy.
  • Financial Modeling: You’ll learn how to create financial models to predict a company’s future financial performance.

Industry Experience of IILM: The PG course at IILM is designed keeping in mind industry needs, and this course is constantly revised as per the needs of financial companies and market trends to keep pace with industry trends. As one of the leading PG universities in India, IILM is dedicated to equipping its students with valuable industry skills and preparing them for future challenges.

MBA Finance Salary:




2021 16 LPA 8 LPA
2022 18 LPA 8 LPA

Scope of MBA in Finance:

In our ever-evolving business landscape, finance reigns supreme. The PG course in finance opens a world of opportunities, from financial analysis and investment management to fintech and risk assessment. As businesses grapple with intricate financial decisions, the demand for experts who can navigate through these complexities is soaring. Professionals in finance are now strategic partners, guiding firms toward financial stability and growth. From orchestrating mergers and acquisitions, and managing portfolios, to harnessing the power of digital finance, they help steer the course of businesses.

Moreover, they’re vital in the public sector too, shaping economic policies and managing funds. With its wide application and impactful roles, a career in finance is not just rewarding but also pivotal in today’s business realm.

Eligibility for MBA in Finance:

To be eligible for admission, applicants should have a bachelor’s degree from a UGC-recognized university or equivalent institution, with a minimum aggregate score of 50% or an equivalent grade (CGPA/CPI, etc.). Candidates in their final year of the bachelor’s degree program can also apply, but they must provide the final year degree certificate/mark sheet later. Admission for these candidates will be provisional until they submit valid proof of passing the bachelor’s degree examination with the required percentage of marks before the prescribed last date. Failure to do so might result in the automatic withdrawal of admission without further notice.

Top Recruiters in Marketing Domain:

Career Opportunities after PG in Finance:

Having facilitated placements for PG students for years, IILM has a unique perspective on the various job profiles offered to PG Finance graduates:

Financial Services:

  • Financial Analyst
  • Investment Banker
  • Wealth Manager

Corporate Finance:

  • Corporate Finance Manager
  • Financial Controller

Risk Management:

  • Risk Manager
  • Insurance Manager

Capital Markets:

  • Equity Research Analyst
  • Portfolio Manager

Public Sector:

  • Financial Advisor
  • Budget Analyst

Commercial Banking:

  • Commercial Banker
  • Loan Officer
  • Credit Analyst

MBA Business Analytics Fee & Scholarship:

MBA Business Analytics Fee: IILM is known to have a competitive and justified fee structure, along with various scholarship programs to support the students who deserve it. Here’s the complete breakdown of the fee structure for the MBA in Business Analytics.



Year 1 5.4 Lakh 10.8 Lakh
Year 2 5.4 Lakh


MBA students can get 10-40% of fee concession at IILM University here’s the detail about the scholarships:



40% 80% in 12th + 70% in bachelor + 700 in MAT or 300 in CMAT or 240 in NMAT
20% CAT/XAT percentile between 71 to 79
10% 60% above in B.Tech. or B.E.

MBA Marketing Career, Salary, Job, Eligibility, Fees – 2023

MBA in Marketing At a Glance:

MBA in Marketing is a program that combines business management with marketing strategies. Its aim is to help businesses understand their target audience, create compelling campaigns, and utilize innovative tools for effective marketing of products and services. This program acts as a creative hub and operational engine to drive an organization’s marketing efforts towards optimal results, expanding its reach and influence.

In today’s highly competitive markets, it is essential for companies to differentiate themselves from their competitors. An MBA in marketing provides organizations with valuable insights into consumer behavior, market trends, and effective communication strategies. Armed with this knowledge, businesses can develop impactful campaigns, enhance their brand image, and make strategic decisions that contribute to their growth and success. IILM has been preparing students to excel as marketing professionals for the past 10 years.

How Marketing Helps Companies:

You may be familiar with companies like Apple, Nike, or Starbucks, renowned for their marketing strategies. Ever wondered how these companies managed to gain such a solid foothold in their respective markets? They owe it all to their innovative marketing approaches.

For instance, Apple’s marketing strategy revolves around creating a lifestyle and a strong brand image rather than just selling products. They used innovative advertising campaigns and product presentations to create a cult-like following, turning their customers into brand ambassadors. This smart marketing move has significantly contributed to Apple’s revenue and dominance in the technology industry.

This is just a glimpse of how effective “Marketing Strategies” can amplify a company’s growth and provide them with a competitive edge in the market.

MBA marketing

What will you learn in an MBA in Marketing:

Here are some crucial skills that you’ll acquire in this course and how these skills can help escalate an organization’s success.

  1. Consumer Behavior: You’ll learn how to understand and predict consumer behaviors and use this information to make strategic marketing decisions.
  2. Brand Management: This course will teach you how to build and maintain a strong brand image, ensuring a lasting impression on your target audience.
  3. Digital Marketing: In the Internet age, it’s crucial to master digital marketing strategies, including SEO, content marketing, social media marketing, and email marketing.
  4. Market Research: You’ll learn to conduct thorough market research, identify trends, and leverage these insights to make data-driven marketing decisions.
  5. Advertising and Promotion: Understanding different advertising platforms and promotion techniques to increase product awareness and sales.

Industry Experience: As one of the leading MBA universities in India, IILM is committed to providing its students with valuable industry skills and preparing them for future challenges.

MBA Marketing Salary:




2021 16 LPA 8 LPA
2022 18 LPA 8 LPA

Scope in MBA Marketing:

The company’s need for adept “marketing professionals” is ceaseless. Given today’s hyper-connected landscape, consumers are continually influenced by various channels of communication, which companies use to articulate their brand narrative and promote their products/services compellingly. None of these narratives can be effectively constructed without the involvement of a marketing professional, who can craft strategic marketing plans and execute them innovatively.
Beyond just brand communication and promotion, a marketing professional has immense potential in areas like market segmentation, consumer behavior analysis, brand positioning, and so much more.

Further in the article, we’re going to discuss in detail the diverse job roles that marketing professionals often secure.

Eligibility for MBA in Marketing:

To be eligible for admission, applicants should have a bachelor’s degree from a UGC-recognized university or equivalent institution, with a minimum aggregate score of 50% or an equivalent grade (CGPA/CPI, etc.). Candidates in their final year of the bachelor’s degree program can also apply, but they must provide the final year degree certificate/mark sheet later. Admission for these candidates will be provisional until they submit valid proof of passing the bachelor’s degree examination with the required percentage of marks before the prescribed last date. Failure to do so will result in the automatic withdrawal of admission without further notice.

Applicants should have valid test scores in one of the following national-level tests conducted in the current year: CAT (conducted by IIMs), XAT, MAT, NMAT, CMAT, or GMAT. It’s important to note that IIMs and XLRI have no involvement in the selection process or the program’s conduct. GMAT scores are valid for 5 years, so please ensure that your scores remain valid until the enrollment date specified in the schedule.

Top Recruiters in Marketing Domain:

Job Roles Offered after doing MBA in Marketing:

IILM has been facilitating placements for MBA students for several years, and being a part of this institution, I am well-positioned to provide an exhaustive list of job profiles offered in different areas:

Sales and Business Development:

  • Area Sales Manager
  • Business Development Executive

Marketing and Branding:

  • Brand Manager
  • Product Manager

Digital Marketing:

  • Digital Marketing Manager
  • SEO Manager
  • Content Marketing Manager

Advertising and Media:

  • Media Planner
  • Advertising Manager

Public Relations (PR):

  • Public Relations Officer
  • Corporate Communication Manager

Market Research:

  • Market Research Analyst
  • Consumer Insight Manager

MBA Marketing Fee & Scholarship:

MBA Business Analytics Fee: IILM is known to have a competitive and justified fee structure, along with various scholarship programs to support the students who deserve it. Here’s the complete breakdown of the fee structure for the MBA in Business Analytics.



Year 1 5.4 Lakh 10.8 Lakh
Year 2 5.4 Lakh


MBA students can get 10-40% of fee concession at IILM University here’s the detail about the scholarships:



40% 80% in 12th + 70% in bachelor + 700 in MAT or 300 in CMAT or 240 in NMAT
20% CAT/XAT percentile between 71 to 79
10% 60% above in B.Tech. or B.E.

Top 5 MBA Specializations for 2023

Making the wrong choices might seriously delay your career and make it difficult for you to recover and compete with your peers – I’m speaking from personal experience here. Therefore, logically correct selections are critical in order to construct a good future for oneself.

Now that you have chosen MBA as your career path, the next step is to determine which specialization you want to pursue in the MBA/ PG course. Setting your preferences and priorities beforehand will give you clarity and prepare you for the upcoming challenges that you will be facing.

Exclusivity of IILM University: Faculty at “IILM University” conduct mentor-mentee meetings as a regular practice for career counselling to help students choose the right career path for themselves. At IILM, we have a separate unit dedicated to the Mentor-Mentee program, which helps students clear their career-related doubts and gives them counselling that digs out the talent within them and shows students the career opportunities they have.

Top Specializations in MBA:

  • Marketing
  • HR
  • Operations
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Finance

Also Read:

Specialisations at IILM that can get you success in job market

MBA specializations in Business analytics

  1. MBA in Operations & Business Analytics:

Skilled MBAs in business analytics who can help companies skyrocket their revenue, improve customer experience, (or) reduce their costs with data-driven decisions have a very high demand in the market, and companies crave candidates with good skills in Data/business analytics.

In business analytics, you’ll learn a variety of topics, including statistics, predictive modeling, and machine learning, along with business-related concepts such as strategy, leadership, and management. 

Opt for this if:
If you want to know how businesses like Zomato and Swiggy are able to earn well by showing you the most relevant food items and advertisements that excite customers, then you should check this career stream out and develop your skills in this specialization.

MBA marketing
  2. MBA in Marketing and Innovation:

MBA in marketing and innovation grads. help companies stay relevant in such market condition where change is the only constant. In this field, you’ll learn how to create and implement strategies that can help businesses develop new products, improve their market position, and reach new customers.

In this specialization, you’ll learn about various topics, including consumer behaviour, branding, digital marketing, product development, innovation management, etc. along with critical business concepts such as leadership, finance, and strategy.

Opt for this if:
If you ever get fascinated by Cadbury marketing campaigns and how they handle branding and their product placement then MBA in marketing and innovation is just the right course for you.

  3. MBA in HR Analytics:

Companies want skilled HRs to help them manage their workforce effectively and hire the right person who can drive the organization toward profitability. This field teaches you how to create and implement strategies that can help businesses attract, and retain quality workforces within their organizations.

In this field, you’ll go through various topics, including talent management, recruitment, compensation and benefits, organizational behaviour, and employee relations. You’ll also learn critical business concepts such as leadership, finance, and strategy.

Opt for this if:
If you are a “people person” who doesn’t have any problem communicating with people, building teams, and creating a positive work environment, then MBA in HR would be just the course for you.

  4. MBA in Entrepreneurship:

Companies are searching for MBA graduates with innovation in manufacturing processes, strategic modelling, entrepreneurial skills to streamline their operations, reduce costs, improve quality, and innovate their products. 

In this field, you’ll be given the challenge of optimizing production processes, managing supply chains, developing sustainable manufacturing practices, and other similar tasks. 

Opt for this if:

If the story of Toyota’s “Just in Time” strategy gets you excited about working on manufacturing plants and optimizing their efficiency, then this course is going to elevate your career.

  5. MBA in Financial Technology (FinTech):

Companies want skilled financial technology MBA grads to leverage technology and business analytics to improve their services. You’ll be working on developing/implementing innovative financial technology (fintech), solutions that can help businesses improve their efficiency, reduce costs, and enhance their customer experience.   

In this field, you’ll learn topics like blockchain technology, digital currencies, financial data analysis, and risk management, along with critical business concepts such as finance, marketing, and strategy. 

Opt for this if:

If you get mesmerized by seeing how companies like Zerodha, Bharat Pay, etc. have just revolutionized the way investment & transactions used to work traditionally. If you want to be the part of this revolution and get ahead in your career then Fintech is just the right field for you. 

Simplicity can be Detailed

Do you think we need to fill the space with lots of furniture or accessories to make an area or a room elegant and beautiful? The answer is NO!

If you’re not familiar with the notion of “Less is More,” let me explain what it means for you in a nutshell. For adding details to the design, it’s important to have meaningful design patterns, an open schematic, lots of natural light, and furniture with clean, well-made lines in a minimalist-style environment. Clean lines, reductive, uncluttered, monochromatic, simplicity called it “less is more”. In the design industry this concept is known as Minimalism. The minimalist style originally developed in painting and sculpture; it stressed the use of basic techniques to communicate a sophisticated creative language.

The essential tenet of minimalist interior design is absolute simplicity. Follow the maxims “less is more” and “everything must have a place and a purpose” while designing your space. It’s impossible to deny the serenity and simple beauty when confronted with a resolved minimalist interior, but achieving this look is more deliberate and difficult, than just choosing a few pieces of furniture for a white backdrop, which can leave a space feeling cold, sparse and unlived-in.

So, adding a few design components is all required to make your area appealing, and this is the only way, it may become exquisite. If I talk about this beautiful and simple style, then Minimalism is a style that proposes a process of reduction in which all design components are reduced to their bare minimum in terms of size, shape, and form. Minimalism is an emerging global trend with implications for the future of workplace decor. As this is a relatively recent trend, just a few studies have examined the effect of minimalist office design on creativity. As a value consistent with the prevailing trend in the social environment, minimalism in daily life has been extensively embraced. When minimalist principles are applied to interior design, a highly distinctive contemporary style emerges minimalist style.


Minimalist Mood Board        Bedroom design With Simplicity

Beauty may be found in the simplest things, as seen in the above photo. There is no need to spend a lot of time and money on the design of the area. There are just a few significant resources that can accomplish miracles and create your desired space. When it comes to choosing a bedroom, I look for one that makes me feel safe and secure. Simple upholstered headboards, especially those made of naturally textured fabric, are one of my favourite design elements since they offer a sense of cosiness and comfort to the bedroom. Bedside tables are an essential part of every bedroom. Natural stone, wood, or a metal base with a stone top are all options that I adore.

Showcase your ideas with a mood board. Simply gather and combine photographs that inspire you to create a minimalist mood board. You may use the board’s style to guide your design decisions and create a uniform look across your home.


The formation of a valid consent for sexual intercourse has varying qualifiers depending upon the facts and circumstances in question. But is it possible for a lack of consent to qualify as a legally valid consent?

The second exception to section 375 of the Indian Penal Code gives an affirmative response to the above question. The marital rape exception states that “sexual intercourse by a man with his wife … is not rape.” The exception to marital rape under existing rape laws are based upon the doctrine of coverture which an idea from Anglo-American law, wherein the husband and wife were considered a single entity which was legally represented by the husband. Currently India is amongst those 34 countries where marital rape remains decriminalized.

The status quo was challenged in the Delhi High Court where the petitioners relied upon  Article 14, 15(1), 19(1)(a), and 21 of the Constitution to argue against the constitutional validity of exception 2 of section 375 which deals with the offence of rape. The two-judge bench delivered a split judgment: Justice Shakder struck down the exception as unconstitutional on all of the above grounds, while Justice Hari Shankar upheld its constitutionality.

The split in the opinion shows the two contrast existing mindset around the idea of gender roles and patriarchal authority. While one stream of thought believes that marriage somehow dilutes the individual characteristic of a person and subsumes it into a conjugal organism, the other believes that marriage is the coming together of two equals with their rights remaining unchanged in the context of individual autonomy. Justice Hari Shankar believes that marriage requires a lower quality of consent for sexual intercourse; while he further believes sexual intercourse to be a legitimate expectation during wedlock. Justice Shakder contradicted with these opinions while maintaining the idea of bodily autonomy and equality before law.

In the contemporary times, the Indian constitutional law does not and cannot support the dilution of sexual consent based on marital status. The observation is not merely individual and the same has been emphatically pronounced by the judiciary in the recent times.  The  idea has been discussed in the Puttaswamy judgment, where Chandrachud J’s plurality opinion is unambiguous on the question of law, while many the other judgments make it clear that the decisional autonomy is a fundamental facet of the right to privacy, and is not lost or in any other way compromised through social institutions such as marriage. Decisional autonomy within the marriage was also the fundamental basis upon which adultery was decriminalized in the Joseph Shine judgment; and sexual autonomy was at the core of the Navtej Johar judgment. It is too regressive now to contradict this fundamental precept.

I believe that any opinion that supports the marital rape exception has no place in a jurisprudence that is formally committed to the basic idea of individual autonomy, dignity, privacy, and equal concern and respect. This includes the baffling idea that a married woman who is raped will feel “less outraged” than an unmarried woman who is raped. Examples can be multiplied; and when this judgment goes on appeal, the least that can be done is a formal expunging of these observations from the record for the sake of sustaining the basic dignity of a judicial institution.

Remodeling the Art of Communication

“Once you can communicate with yourself, you will be able to communicate outside with more clarity. The way in is the way out” – Thich Nhat Hanh

We all have a language in which we communicate and express ourselves with the world around us. As the quote says, talk to yourself first and find a way out. The world has gone through a catastrophic shift that the way we spoke earlier has become obsolete in a heartbeat.

The present generation spends hours thinking about what to say. Their primary focus is on quantity rather than quality. What we say and how we say both are equally important. Remodelling the art of effective communication is of great importance and need in today’s generation, with the virtual platform being so commonly used to communicate.

There are certain questions on which we need to initiate discussions–

  1. Is the current generation getting opportunities to master their communication skills?
  2. Are they aware of which communication skills should be used on a virtual platform?
  3. Do youngsters today communicate with Energy, empathy, clarity, and Knowledge?

It’s high time we give importance to these questions with a broader perspective. While remodelling the art of effective communication, the four factors hold a lot of significance- Energy, empathy, clarity & Knowledge. Energy creates interest in any form of communication and actively involves the audience in what you say. Empathy helps to understand your audience. Knowing your listener better helps the communicator to put across the message in a more effective manner. Clarity helps to put across what you intend to communicate, avoiding any form of misunderstanding. Knowledge above all gives the right base to what you wish to convey, building the trust and confidence of your audience in you.

We often stress that communication is effective, wondering if only a few people know the real meaning of being effective. Communication that emphasises on verbal, nonverbal, written, and visual skills make communication effective, this way you target all types of listeners.

The way we communicate post-pandemic has totally changed. The consequences have impacted our personal and working lives, but the positive part is that we can learn to be responsible communicators by following a few simple steps-

  1. Understand that change is continuous.
  2. Combine data intelligence with human intelligence
  3. Adopt the rule of Transparency
  4. Just because you can connect doesn’t mean you have to – People face “zoom fatigue” leading to mental exhaustion
  5. When we can connect in person, do – walk to your colleague for a quick interaction rather than sending an email or message.
  6. Working hours are for a reason. Avoid burnout.
  7. Create connection, understanding, and validation: people have been craving that feeling.
  8. Don’t just communicate; try creating an experience.
  9. Be supportive in your communication
  10. Have engaging conversations.

Remember, we spend 90% of our time communicating, so be aware of how you communicate with responsibility and sensitivity to all the people who are a part of the new normal world. Our communication needs more attention and care for a more sustainable future for each one of us.

Please share your experiences with me at divya.bhatnagar@iilm.edu


Kamna Yadav

2nd June 2022/15 Minute Read

Movies, media, and storybooks have made us believe that “mere hero/heroin ayenge!” That ONE will be our whole world. We will spend our entire life with that LOVE of our LIFE. I would say our brains have been engrained with such thoughts where monogamy is the only form of love one can and should crave, which is also “our sweet little fairytale”. I am assuming that everyone will agree with me on this. If yes, let’s take a retake!

Do you think the idea of a soulmate is outdated or unrealistic? Do you believe that you may encounter many hero/heroines in your lifetime, or maybe an idea of having many others? Have you ever cherished numerous individuals at the same time? Maybe yes, maybe no, or maybe it is the morals that are speaking for us aloud “No, I can’t have multiple hero/heroines in my life”, “what will people think about me?”, “I can’t be a bad person to be in a relationship with many”.
Polyamorous relationships are a rejection of monogamous relationships. In other words, it is defined as a “liberal, genuine, capable, and moral way of thinking and practice of cherishing numerous individuals at the same time”. Is it getting confusing? Complicated? or in literal words, “Mere pairo tale zameen khisak gai?

This concept has been alive for many centuries. Don’t you believe me? Let’s check some facts: What does it indicate when a celebrity comes out and says we are in an open relationship, a web series named XYX on OTT platform displaying non-monogamous relationships? According to a study at Kinsey Institute for Match.com, 68% of singles approve of polyamory and 6% practice it. Another research study showed 1.2 to 2.4 million people practice polyamory (Psychology Today). An article titled “Polyamory is a reality in Kolkata” published by Times of India narrated a real-life story of a couple who are in a non-monogamous relationship wherein they are married for 15 years, wants to be in their marriage and are in relationships with many others and still respects and love each other. This shows how common it is. Let’s understand what exactly it is in next section.


According to Cambridge dictionary, “it is the practice of having romantic relationships with two or more people at the same time”, polyamory educators argue that the consent part is missing which has been correctly mentioned in Oxford’s definition, “the practice of engaging in multiple romantic relationships with the agreement of all the people involved”- indicating that people are aware of and agree to the relationship’s needs, emotions, and dynamics.

Individuals who distinguish as polyamorous may have confidence in an open relationship and conscious administration of envy and reject the view that romantic and social restrictiveness is essential for profound, long-lasting intimate relationships.

These individuals like to restrict their romantic relationships to just people from the specified group, a closed-knit polyamorous relationship. It has been described as an ethical, consensual non-monogamous relationship. Many polyamorists characterize loyalty not as romantic selectiveness but rather as dependability to the guarantees and arrangements made about a relationship.

Does it have types?

Yes, it does have few types as seen from the image shared below:

Besides the above-mentioned types, there are a few other forms of polyamory relationships like solo polyamory, kitchen table polyamory, polycule.

Is it just a romantic relationship?

It depends on the individual and the sort of relationship they want with their partners. Two different people will have different experiences in polyamory relationships.

Romantic dependency isn’t a chief factor in polyamory, and individuals who seek polyamorous relationships don’t take part in the over-the-top romantic movement. Some individuals who seek polyamorous relationships set boundaries such as defining the details of the relationship, time they spent with their partner, and other things to avoid any complications that might arise. A person who is in a polyamorous relationship must come to terms with their feelings, especially jealousy, which is very common to surface. Also, the constraints of society promote monogamous or single partner relationships. In the end, it depends upon the individual what kind of relationship they want.

Does it involve emotional connection, or it is the same as an open relationship?

Polyamory relationships do involve love and emotional connection with multiple partners, which makes them stand apart from open relationships. An individual feels emotionally inclined toward someone outside marriage or committed relationships and looks out for connection, and I would say they fall in love with that significant other. In open relationships, one or both the partners have romantic relationships outside the committed relationship, including marriage. It might or might not involve an emotional connection.


For many of us, it’s wrong, and for many, it’s acceptable. Dr Chauntelle Tibbals, a sociologist said, “Just because polyamory is unfamiliar doesn’t mean it’s wrong”. It might work for some, let’s learn about few little know facts about polyamory.
· It is more common than you believe
It can be observed from as early as Mahabharat, wherein Draupadi married five brothers, it was observed in practices of Raja and Maharajas. It is prevalent in the Kinnaur region of Himachal, Nilgiri hills in South India, Kerala, Uttarakhand, and is followed and practised by many tribes in India. Approximately more than 1.2 to 2.4 million individuals follow polyamory.
· Polyamorous are Committed
Being polyamorous doesn’t mean no-commitment. As quoted by Dr Clarke “There are individuals who face challenges in committing in general as well as few polyamorous do face few issues but most people he knows are in multiple committed relationships”.
· Polyamorous have different dealbreakers
Poly individuals do work out their dynamics and parameters within the relationships. They can develop agreements in each relationship wherein all the parties agree and are comfortable. The meaning of cheating would differ in different relationships.
· Consent and Communication are important
As it is crucial in a monogamous relationship, so does in a polygamous relationship. It is rooted in affirmative consent, and they communicate their needs and desires to make it a healthy relationship.


Polyamory is a genuine expression of love towards your hero/heroines. It sounds as confusing and complicated as monogamous relationships. Every relationship has its own perks and volcanoes.

Let’s be mindful of being who we are. Polygamous or Monogamous?? Who are we?? We are human beings who, at times or I would say most of the time judge ourselves and others. The majority of individuals imagine polyamories as bad or indifferent. Ask yourself right away the following questions: What do I think about them? Do they really exist in our society? Are they committing a crime?

Over here, I would like to ask you whether we are projecting our feelings, understanding of love, and relationships on them? If yes, I would suggest you kindly do not end up projecting your understanding and feelings onto them. Is it fair enough if someone else does the same with you? What if they judge you for who you are? I suppose that we would feel bad and would not like it at all. Therefore, I request every one to be mindful of your thoughts regarding others. Accept them the way they are MONOGAMOUS or POLYGAMOUS. It doesn’t matter who we are, what matters is LOVE and CONNECTION with significant others.

Feel free and connect on kamna.yadav@iilm.edu


International humanitarian law and international human rights law are part of International law. International law is the law which governs the relations of states inter-se, with international bodies, and to some extent with citizens, as stated by Oppenheim. Since the two are the branches of International law, they are by some, confused as the same thing and by some others, are regarded as so distinct as having no connection. Both of these two extreme notions cannot be regarded as true. International humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL) are different from each other in their definition, development, the scope of application and implementation. On the one hand, IHRL is a series of rights, and on the other hand, IHRL is a series of duties that combatants have to obey. This distinction, however, does not mean that they function in a four-cornered wall without getting influenced by each other.
International humanitarian law is a set of rules which seek to limit the effects of armed conflict. Generally, it applies to the time of armed conflicts. International humanitarian law does not see to stop or prohibit war, but it sets out rules to regulate the war and mitigate the sufferings of the war victims and others involved. It protects persons who are not or are no longer participating in the hostilities and restricts the means and methods of warfare. It is also known as the law of war or the law of armed conflict. International human rights law is the body of international law designed to promote human rights on social, regional, and domestic levels. They also differ in their scope, international humanitarian law primarily mentions the agreements between states on how to conduct war, and on the protection of enemy civilians and combatants. On the other hand, international human rights law extends to the agreements between states regulating the relationship between each state and the individuals over whom it has jurisdiction. IHL applies primarily in times of armed conflict. The application and scope of IHL is so strict that the state parties can in no circumstance derogate from the provisions of it, nor do they have the right of reservations under IHL. IHRL, on the other hand, applies at all times, i.e. in peacetime and during armed conflict. Human rights treaties permit governments to derogate from certain obligations during public emergencies that threaten the life of the nation. Derogation must, however, be necessary and proportional to the crisis, must not be introduced on a discriminatory basis and must not contravene other rules of international law – including provisions of IHL. However, few of the international human rights principles which have acquired the status of Jus Cogens like the right to life, the prohibition against torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, the prohibition against slavery and servitude and the prohibition against retroactive criminal laws, can never be derogated.
Despite a number of differences between IHL and IHRL, they are complementary bodies of international law that share some of the same aims. Both IHL and IHRL strive to protect the lives, health and dignity of individuals; thus, they may be very different in formulation, but in essence, they seek to work towards a common goal. Many of the rules of these two bodies of law are similar, for example, both IHL and IHRL prohibit torture or cruel treatment, prescribe basic rights for persons subject to the criminal process, prohibit discrimination, contain provisions for the protection of women and children, and regulate aspects of the right to food and health. The main objective with which the UN was established was to promote humanity. Thus the main aim of IHRL is to foster the principle of humanity, aimed at protecting human life and dignity. Similarly, IHL also seeks to protect the principle of humanity which is aimed at protecting human life and dignity.
IHRL and IHL are different in their language, scope, development, application and implementation. But both are complementary to each other and cannot function in complete isolation to each other. Human rights are the same in international and non-international armed conflicts and outside armed conflicts. We cannot in any sense dissect the two branches so much that we tend to identify them moving in opposite directions. A number of similarities between these two different branches of international law complement each other, and both of these branches are continuously influencing each other. One cannot understand a particular branch in isolation from the other. Since the two carry similar rights and similar provisions, interpretation of provisions of one branch has to be done in light of the provisions of the other branch.

Redefining Business in a “sustainable” world.

Business Ethics Blogpost

-Kolyaani Gupta

Liberal Economic policies have led to the emergence of a new aspect of business organizations and corporations. With the advent of globalization, business organizations have moved from the constraints of geographical boundaries, whereby they are not affected by the legal constraints of a particular country. This makes it easy for corporations to fidget with the aspect of accountability. A business setup is a key element in generating employment, paying taxes and acting as an engine for a country’s economic development, which means that business cannot be limited to be defined as only an exchange of transactions. Business ethics is defined as the study of business and its key features to assess the moral standing of these features, wherein ethical theories are applied to evaluate and weigh the right and wrong. This enables to generate an optimal relation between the business and sustainability (Crane & Matten, 2016)

The infamous incident at Rana Plaza,[1] located in a small town in Bangladesh, where approximately a thousand workers died due to the building crumbling down in 2013. A fast fashion company owned the building and in spite of being declared unfit for habitation, the workers were forced to come. A utilitarian (Mill, 1998; Ryan, 1990) business approach would actually justify the means if the end served the greater good. This theory would actually look at the greater good of generating maximum output, thus, increasing their chance to generate maximum output. The means to reach that potential of generating the highest profit could be justified by the end as it secures the happiness for the greater good. However, Kantian Ethics (Guyer, 2007), also known as deontological ethics, characterizes duty as a categorical imperative rather than a hypothetical one, and the Kantian ethical theory would condemn the Rana Plaza incident as a violation of the cardinal imperative of duty, thereby deeming it to be completely unethical.

Business organizations are obligated to the consumers for the transparency of transactions; however, the obligations are not only restricted to the consumers. Corporations and organizations have a duty towards their workers and members. Triple Bottom Line is a concept that states that businesses and organizations cannot solely focus on only adding economic value (Elkington, 1999). They have to uphold social and environmental values as well, thereby building an ecosystem of sustainable growth and development

[1] http://www.ethicalcorp.com